Expecting a baby is undoubtedly a wonderful moment in the life of any representative of the fair sex. But it is often plagued with various anxieties and complications. One of them is varicose veins during pregnancy. The growth of the fetus puts a lot of pressure on the legs of the woman, the vessels sometimes do not resist and this unpleasant ailment occurs. Not only does it spoil the aesthetic appearance, but it can be quite dangerous for health and even life. More on this in the article.
The main causes of pathology
Varicose veins in pregnant women are quite common; one in three women faces them.
There are several reasons for the appearance of varicose veins during pregnancy:
- Changes in blood composition, fibrinogen increases during pregnancy. It is "responsible" for the viscosity of the blood. This means that the blood becomes thicker, it is more difficult to move through the vessels, and normal blood flow is disrupted. Therefore, the veins cannot resist and expand. Also, with an increase in fibrinogen, the likelihood of blood clots is increased.
- The growth of progesterone in the blood is an unfavorable factor for the blood vessels. The fact is that this hormone reduces the tone of the uterus, protecting the body from miscarriage and premature labor. And along with this, the vascular tone decreases.
- The blood volume almost doubles during pregnancy, this increase leads to the fact that the vessels cannot cope with the unusual blood volume and are deformed.
- As mentioned earlier, fetal growth creates increased pressure on the vessels.
In addition, a woman may have indirect adverse factors for the development of varicose veins during pregnancy:
- hereditary factor;
- rapid weight gain;
- insufficient presence of fiber and vitamins in the diet of pregnant women;
- low mobility.
If a mother suffered from varicose veins during pregnancy on her legs, it is likely that her daughter has this problem.
Symptoms of varicose veins during pregnancy
At the onset of the disease, a woman may not experience any symptoms. Then spider veins and reticles appear. But few people pay attention to them. But when swelling of the legs appears in the afternoon, as well as night cramps, many are already alarmed.
Then the veins become visible to the naked eye, "popping out" to the surface of the skin of the legs. This not only spoils the appearance, but also raises concerns. After all, it could be even worse! In fact, blood clots can form in dilated veins, already threatening the life of the woman and the fetus.
It is impossible to completely cure varicose veins during pregnancy, you can get rid of the pathology only after childbirth.
Also, with varicose veins on the legs during pregnancy, disturb:
- heaviness in the legs;
- troublesome when walking (sometimes the legs swell so much that it becomes difficult to walk);
- drawing pains in the legs.
Of course, many pregnant women dream of getting rid of these symptoms. For this purpose, you need to contact a phlebologist or surgeon, he will tell you what to do.
Most common species
There are not only varicose veins in the legs during pregnancy.
There are also varicose veins:
- rectum (better known as hemorrhoids).
The most common varicose veins among pregnant women are the lower extremities and hemorrhoids. The latter causes many problems for the woman: pain when defecating and blood in the stool. If the treatment of varicose veins during pregnancy is not started on time, there can be big problems, such as: venous bleeding. To prevent this from happening, you need to contact a doctor in time. He will tell you how to treat varicose veins during pregnancy.
Currently, there are many remedies for varicose veins for pregnant women. But it is very dangerous to prescribe them yourself. Because many of the drugs have serious contraindications. The doctor will prescribe an appropriate treatment that will not harm either the mother or the baby.
Therapy for varicose veins in pregnant women generally consists of medications taken by mouth and ointments for external use. But it is worth paying attention: some of them can not be used in the first trimester.
You can also use traditional medicine recipes in the treatment of varicose veins in pregnant women. But you should check with your doctor first, because many of these prescriptions can be harmful to the baby's life.
Popular Fighting Methods
These are some of the useful traditional medicine recipes for pregnant women:
- Apple cider vinegar.They can be rubbed on areas of the legs affected by varicose veins, or they can be taken by mouth, but only in a special dose. You should not add more than a teaspoon of vinegar to a glass of water and drink it once a day. Within a month of such treatment, positive changes will appear.
- Horse chestnut.This plant always occupies the first place among the treatment of varicose veins. Because it perfectly strengthens the vascular wall, relieves swelling, relieves cramps and heaviness in the legs. According to the doctor, you can rub horse chestnut tincture on the veins and drink it inside. You need to take the tincture twice a day, a certain number of drops, which will be prescribed by the doctor. After ten days, you should take a break. Then the reception can be repeated.
- Green tomatoes.It is necessary to cut the tomato in half lengthwise and then glue it to the sore legs. It is necessary to hold until a burning sensation appears. Some tie them to their legs overnight, wash them in the morning with cold water.
- Kalanchoe tincturecan be used to rub the feet, this should be done every day for three months.
- Potatoes.It is necessary to grate some raw potatoes on a coarse grater, put the porridge on the cloth and make a compress. Sell well, remove after 4 hours.
- Wormwood.Crush the absinthe flowers until smooth, dilute with milk and apply to the legs. Tie well, remove the compress after 2 hours.
Medical gymnastics also helps with varicose veins. There are several exercises for pregnant women that can reduce the appearance of this disease.
These are some of them:
- Sit on a chair, make circular movements of the feet with each leg in turn. Repeat 10 times.
- Lying on your back, carefully lift your legs and perform leg movements that mimic cycling.
- Stand up, stand on your toes, and roll on your heels. Repeat 10 times.
- Walk in place, without lifting your socks off the floor, for 2 minutes.
Going down the stairs is very useful. It is also important to walk a lot outdoors; walking normalizes blood flow. After exertion, you need to lie on your back with your legs raised 20 degrees.
A good prevention and treatment of varicose veins is the use of compression stockings. The treating doctor will help you choose the look and compression.
There are several types of compression stockings in total:
- to the knee;
- elastic bandages.
Varicose vein pantyhose for pregnant women is used for extensive varicose veins in large areas of the legs, from the feet to the thighs. For small varicose veins in the area up to the knees, knee-high stockings are used. Elastic bandages, which are fixed on the feet and then bandaged up to the thigh, also help successfully.
The main treatment for varicose veins during pregnancy is to prevent thrombosis and ensure good blood circulation.
Knitwear should be worn in the morning, preferably without getting out of bed. Before that, you can apply a healing cream. Then you need to lie down for another ten minutes to normalize blood circulation. You can wear it all day, taking it off before going to bed.
A woman who has become pregnant should take the following steps to prevent varicose veins:
- Sleep on your left side at night. This has a beneficial effect on the fetus and the mother's vessels.
- Walk more outdoors. By moving, the vascular wall is strengthened, the blood is saturated with oxygen, and the composition of the blood improves. Walking prevents blood clots from forming.
- Normalize nutrition, the diet of a pregnant woman should contain all the necessary minerals and vitamins. You can also take vitamin complexes.
- Do special exercises for pregnant women.
- Avoid long sitting and standing positions.
- Make sure that the weight of the pregnant woman is not added too quickly.
- Wear comfortable shoes with low heels.
- A special bandage must be used to support the abdomen.
- Do not smoke or drink alcohol under any circumstances.
- It is helpful for pregnant women to visit the pool.
- The contrast shower strengthens the blood vessels very well. It should be taken only in the morning. Hot baths, baths and saunas are prohibited during pregnancy.
- Get more rest with your legs raised.
And be sure to follow the doctor's recommendations; otherwise, the unpleasant consequences of varicose veins cannot be avoided.
Consequences of the development of the disease
Failure to treat varicose veins can lead to quite serious complications. Some of them even threaten the life of the mother and the baby.
These are some of the complications of varicose veins during pregnancy:
- Thrombosis. Blood clots can form in the enlarged veins. Sometimes they break off and move through the vessels, which is very dangerous.
- Pulmonary embolism. It is a serious and life-threatening condition in which a blood clot travels to the lungs and obstructs blood circulation and oxygen supply. There are no preliminary symptoms, making it difficult to diagnose the disease.
- Thrombophlebitis. A blood clot in a vessel causes inflammation. In this case, the redness and swelling of the limb are visible. Of the symptoms, severe pain and itching in a certain place are concerned.
- Trophic ulcer. With varicose veins and diabetes mellitus, such a complication occurs. In this case, not only the skin is inflamed, but also the bones and tendons. The process develops for a long time, various infections join it.
Therefore, to avoid such terrible complications, it is necessary to notice the disease in time and begin treatment. It is important to follow all the prescriptions of the attending physician.