The occurrence of varicose veins: the causes of the disease

Of varicose veins suffers a great part of humanity. 50 years of signs of the disease was observed in 65% of women, while the male half of the population of the same age is 42%. Why do the representatives of the female gender prone to the onset of the disease, and what are the causes of varicose veins in women, consider the following.

The overall picture of the etiology of the

Pathology of the vein, with its extension, the possibility of thrombosis and the education of the nodes, dealing with the scientists of all countries of the world. Today, the causes of the appearance of varicose veins in women studied in its entirety. The main factors that contribute to the development of the disease:

  1. the low level of mobility;
  2. the abuse of alcohol and tobacco;
  3. high physical load;
  4. genetic-structure;
  5. traumatic injuries of the vessels;
  6. poor diet and lifestyle;
  7. diseases of the digestive system and endocrine system.
Know! The main reasons for the development of varicose veins in women are similar to the factors that cause this disease in men. Basically the difference is in the hormonal changes of the body.

Physical workload and level of risk

The woman in the office with pain in the back

The majority of women have a job related to the conditions of a long seat or standing. The bakers, the sellers, the computer, the clerks, waiters, and surgeons is not the whole list of professions, the holders of which are prone to develop pathologies venous. To this group belong people with disabilities, leading the sedentary lifestyle.

Excessive exercise will lead to in the system of the vessels increases the pressure of the blood and increases its volume. Overloading weakens the capacity of the venous valves, intended for the regulation of the blood stream. The vessels dilate, elongate, bumps appear, which can be filled with thrombotic masses in the case of the accession of the adverse factors.

The sedentary lifestyle and lack of physical activity are the same causes of varicose veins in women, as well as the high level of load. Contribute to the development of venous stasis in the system of the circulation of the blood.

The inheritance

This cause of varicose veins in the legs in women occupies the first place among all possible factors. The disease is perceived as a "dowry" of any of the parents and do not have a membership to one sex. If the varicose disease of his father, and the mother was healthy, this does not mean that the disease is transmitted by the male line. The girls of the possibility of developing pathology of the veins is much greater.

In addition to the parents, at the onset of the disease can affect family members of previous generations. By inheritance is passed on not the own varicose veins, and the predisposition to it by the tendency of the vascular walls to a thinning of the walls and stretch.

The valvular insufficiency of the system of the vessels also has the genetics of the validity. In this case, of vienna, or have a small number of valves to the normal operation of the valve or is diminished due to their anatomical nedorazvitiya. This deficiency leads to a stagnation of blood in the venous system in the legs, in the system of the pelvis, the upper limbs.

The hormonal influence

Causes of the appearance of varicose veins in women are directly related to the hormonal changes in your body. There are several periods, able to become an impulse for the start of the disease:

  1. the gestation of the child;
  2. premenstrual during the period;
  3. of the disease, accompanied by high levels of estrogen;
  4. the use of hormonal contraceptives;
  5. the use of hormone replacement therapy during menopause.

All these periods will accompany the hormonal changes and the increased levels of sex hormones in the body. Estrogen and progesterone act on the vessel wall, which weakens its tone. This makes the vein more sensitive to load and prone to stretching, and in the long run.

Hormonal contraceptives and replacement therapy is used in climacteric period, also have in their composition of the dose of the female sex hormones.

Know! The influence of estrogen in the tone of the vessels explains the frequency of women varicose veins, in comparison with the development of the disease in men.

Climacteric manifestations operate to the reverse. In the period of the menopause, the amount of estrogen decreases sharply, however, increases the progesterone is the hormone of the corpus luteum of the ovary. Progesterone, like estrogen, has a relaxing effect on the venous wall. This is another reason for varicose veins in the legs of women.

Pregnancy can be accompanied not only of the pathological processes in the lower extremities, but also of hemorrhoids (varicose veins of the rectum). Throughout the period of the gestation of a child, weight of the mother grows, and the load on the internal organs increases. Pregnancy is accompanied by a series of factors that can cause varicose veins disease of any location:

  1. frequent constipation, accompanying this period;
  2. the pressure of the weight of the child and of the mother in the walls of the vessels of the pelvis;
  3. the attempts and the fight, the increased pressure in the hemorrhoidal ring.
The appearance of the symptoms of the varicose disease is in the hands is also quite frequent in the period of the gestation of a child.

The excess weight

The eat in excess, with a great weight

The development of obesity refers to the reasons for the occurrence of varicose veins different location of women. A heavy weight and a large pressure that should support the feet all day, you will learn about. In addition, women who suffer from this disease, little is moving, they prefer to lead a sedentary life.

Vascular system that work on the wear, to ensure the proper functioning of all internal organs. An increasing amount of the blood creates a pressure increase, and the inability of the veins to handle this amount of fluid that causes the development of stagnant phenomena.

Obesity often accompanies diabetes mellitus. The main cause of the appearance of varicose veins in the legs in women that in this period the evolution of all the internal mechanisms and exchange of substances.

The violation by the intestinal tract

The chronic constipation is one of the factors of the etiology, which calls for the extension of the veins hemorrhoidal area. A pathological process occurs due to the overvoltage, and the stagnation of the blood. Vienna increases, elements appear to be characteristic of the varices, which are prone to loss and thrombosis.

Often the constipation occur when you do not the diet, and the frequent use of enemas, if you have stressful situations at work or at home.

Other factors

In addition to the main etiological factors that distinguish additional, that do not cause the development of the disease independently, but in combination with others, can serve as an impetus to principles of pathologic processes. Them concern:

  1. the abuse of shoes of high movement;
  2. the use of slimming clothes, and tight trousers;
  3. long duration of cough increases the intra-abdominal pressure;
  4. traumatic injuries, accompanied by the compression of the veins of the scar of the fabric;
  5. violation of the regime of feeding (meals rpidas, a small amount of food of vegetal origin);
  6. tense situation in the nervous system;
  7. the increase of the coagulation of the blood, increases the risk of thrombosis of the varices.

The definition of the cause of the disease is necessary to correct its effects on the human body, which contributes to the rapid recovery and the prevention of the complications of the disease.

26.08.2018